In Nebraska, most ethanol is sold in a blended fuel—10 percent ethanol with 90 percent gasoline (called E–10) or 85 percent ethanol with 15 percent gasoline (called E85). The reports on motor gasoline consumption and the total of both motor gasoline and ethanol–blended fuel consumption have additional information in relation to ethanol–blended fuel consumption.
Ethanol–blended fuel consumption in 2015 was 2.3 percent lower than in 2014. As reflected in the graph below, ethanol–blended fuel consumption in 2015 was 747,720,178 gallons, which was a decrease of 2.3 percent from consumption in 2014 of 764,972,524 gallons. Annual consumption of ethanol-blended fuel for 2014 was 20.5 percent higher than 2013. Annual consumption of ethanol-blended fuel for 2013 was 3.3 percent lower than 2012. Annual consumption of ethanol-blended fuel for 2012 was 1 percent lower than 2011. Annual consumption of ethanol-blended fuel for 2011 was 3 percent higher than 2010. Annual consumption of ethanol-blended fuel for 2010 was 15 percent higher than 2009. In the fall of 2009, expectations for a record corn harvest came to fruition. Corn and ethanol prices felt the impact and were pushed lower. With the expectations and then the actual harvest record, annual consumption of ethanol–blended fuel for 2009 was 8 percent less than 2008. Consumption rose during 2008 while corn prices fell. During 2007, additional operating capacity came on line, ethanol prices fell, and consumption resumed its climb. A possible factor in the reduced consumption during 2006 was the price premium of ethanol to gasoline. Consumption increased significantly from 2001 to 2005 due to the increased availability of ethanol–blended fuel and a favorable price structure. Consumption fell in 2001 during a period when the ethanol rack price was rising faster than the gasoline rack price. As more ethanol plants began operations in the mid– to late 1990s, fuel availability increased, and consumption began rising. Annual consumption fell sharply after 1992 when a state tax exemption was removed and the ethanol–blended fuel price had risen slightly.