The Interstate Oil and Gas Compact Commission (IOGCC) defines stripper wells as those wells producing 10 barrels of oil or less per day. Stripper oil wells produce marginal oil which is oil produced from wells that operate on the lower edge of profitability. Nebraska had 1,471 stripper oil wells in 2008 (0.39 percent of the nation's reported 375,589 stripper wells). Shown in the table below, these 1,471 stripper wells produced 1,644,062 barrels of oil or 69 percent of Nebraska's oil production. Using 2008's average wellhead oil price in Nebraska of $87.99 per barrel, without the stripper oil wells' production, an additional $145 million would have been spent on crude oil imports. While each individual well in Nebraska contributed only a small amount of oil (3.10 barrels a day, on average), combined with the rest of the nation, stripper well production was nearly 262 million barrels of oil (or 20.0 percent of the total 1.31 billion barrels of oil produced in the United States) saving $26.087 billion on additional imports to the nation. (The nation's average wellhead oil price in 2008 was $99.57 per barrel.)
Twenty–eight states produce oil from stripper wells: Alabama, Arizona, Arkansas, California, Colorado, Florida, Illinois, Indiana, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Michigan, Mississippi, Montana, Nebraska, Nevada, New Mexico, New York, North Dakota, Ohio, Oklahoma, Pennsylvania, South Dakota, Texas, Utah, Virginia, West Virginia, and Wyoming. Within this group, in 2008, Nebraska was ranked tenth highest in average daily production per well, 19th highest in oil production from stripper wells, and 21st highest in the number of stripper oil wells.
Plugged and Abandoned Stripper Wells
Many states have programs that allow a well to temporarily stop production. These idle wells are not included in the abandoned well column of the table below; only wells that have been permanently plugged are included. Also, orphaned wells are not included in the table's abandoned well figures. These are wells that are not producing, have not been plugged, and whose owners are either insolvent or cannot be located.