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Nebraska's Energy Intensity

Energy intensity is the ratio of energy input per unit of economic output, or the amount of energy used to produce a dollar’s worth of goods and services. This measures the energy efficiency of the state's economy.

From 1997 to 2012, the State's gross domestic product (GDP) increased 38 percent from $60.4 billion to $83.4 billion, while Nebraska's overall energy consumption grew 33 percent from 647.9 trillion British thermal units (Btu) in 1997 to 860.6 trillion Btu in 2012. Energy intensity was 10.3 thousand Btu per chained (2005) dollar in 2012, which was a 4–percent decrease from 10.7 thousand Btu per chained (2005) dollar in 1997.

A 33–percent increase in Nebraska's total energy consumption resulted in a 38–percent increase of the GDP and a 4–percent decrease in energy intensity. In other words, despite an increase in energy consumption, Nebraska experienced a larger increase in the production of real value in goods and services, which lowered Nebraska's energy intensity. (Using less energy to produce a product reduced the intensity.) This indicates that Nebraskans are using energy more efficiently.

Another measure of energy consumption intensity is reported in Total Energy Consumption Per Capita. An explanation of energy intensity indicators is in the report Energy Intensity Indicators.

The phrase "Gross Domestic Product" is replacing the phrase "Gross State Product". Gross domestic product by state is the state counterpart of the nation's gross domestic product, the U.S. Census Bureau's featured and most comprehensive measure of U.S. economic activity. Gross domestic product by state is derived as the sum of the gross domestic product originating in all the industries in a state.

chart showing Total Energy Consumption per Dollar of Nebraska'a Gross State Product from 1997 through 2012.

Energy Consumption per Dollar of
Nebraska's Gross Domestic Product
1997 – 2012

Year Nebraska's Total
Energy Consumption
[Trillion British thermal units (Btu)]
Nebraska's Total
Gross Domestic Product
[Billion Chained (2005) Dollars]
Energy Consumption per
Dollar of
Gross Domestic Product
[Thousand Btu per
Chained (2005) Dollar]
2012 860.567 $83.393 10.3
2011 871.302 $82.172 10.6
2010 864.555 $80.638 10.7
2009 782.092 $77.625 10.1
2008 800.188 $77.702 10.3
2007 760.493 $76.862 9.9
2006 711.826 $74.442 9.6
2005 694.834 $72.505 9.6
2004 686.988 $71.045 9.7
2003 674.126 $70.242 9.6
2002 665.168 $66.640 10.0
2001 653.904 $66.094 9.9
2000 656.346 $65.318 10.0
1999 654.638 $62.427 10.5
1998 664.477 $60.817 10.9
1997 647.948 $60.444 10.7

Sources: State Energy Data Report. Energy Information Administration, Washington, DC. Nebraska Energy Office, Lincoln, NE.

Note: NA indicates data is not available.

Current versus chained dollars

Current dollars reflect values for the year of the measurement and do not take into account inflationary price changes or component changes over time. Current dollar gross domestic product levels from one year should not be compared to the levels from other years, so for this comparison over time, chained–dollar GDP levels are used.

Change in industry definitions

There is a discontinuity in the "gross domestic product by state" or GDP time series at the year 1997, when the data changed from Standard Industrial Classification (SIC) industry definitions to North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) industry definitions. Since the Bureau of Economic Analysis strongly advises against appending the two data series in an attempt to construct a single time series of gross domestic product for 1963 to 2006, the data in this report cover the time period from only 1997 to 2011.

The table and graph were updated on December 10, 2014.
Typically, there are one to two years between updates.